This last blog will focus on the topic of God. God? This was the last theme of the class. The question was, what do we learn about God by reading through the Old Testament? As I started this process, I have to admit that my exposure to the Old Testament was limited. I hadn’t heard too many sermons or had done that many bible studies on the Old Testament. Even when I had exposure to the Old Testament, it was usually the same few texts whether it was the story of the creation/fall, the exodus/Moses, David, Jonah, and Esther. Why don’t we have more exposure to the stories that confuse or scare us? What about the story in Exodus 4 where God wants to kill Moses and his wife has to circumcise their son to save him? What about God’s call to Joshua to wipe out whole nations as they take over the Promised Land? What about the sexual assault on women like Tamar and Dinah? What about the tribe of Benjamin who are allowed to abduct the women of a neighboring tribe as their wives in Judges 21? What about Moses “changing” the mind of God in Exodus 32?
There are many more questions we can ask about the Old Testament. Comedian Bill Maher has stated that the story of Noah shows God as a “psychotic mass murderer”. Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, and Christopher Hitchens along with other members of the New Atheism movement have attacked God as a petulant and patriarchal deity who arbitrarily kills humans as he pleases based on the Old Testament. Of course, I would vehemently disagree with this assessment and I won’t go into detail about why I think their views are wrong and skewed. However, if I’m honest, there are ways I can see how other people could perceive God in not so nice terms based on reading certain parts of the Old Testament. The Old Testament is raw. It doesn’t hold back. But that’s what I love about it. It’s not sanitized. It’s not trying to gloss over the difficult stuff. It’s all there for all of us to see. However, people tend to neglect God’s grace and love that is also sprinkled throughout the Old Testament. He repeats this mantra of “you are my people and I am your God”. Even though the people of Israel keep breaking their covenant with God, God is still with them. God still loves them.
Sometimes we as Christians can be Marcionites or people who want to get rid of the Old Testament. We all relate to the language of love and grace in the New Testament. However, we may subconsciously dismiss the Old Testament because it shows God’s anger and wrath. We’d rather deal with grace rather than judgment. However, there is a language of grace in the Old Testament and a language of judgment in the New Testament. Also, as Christians we must believe that the God of the Old Testament is the same as the God of the New Testament. Scripture gives us a wholistic picture of God. We can’t pick and choose which parts we like and don’t like. Moreover, you can’t understand the New Testament without knowing the Old Testament. There are so many Old Testament references by Jesus and Paul that what they talk about won’t be comprehensible without referring back to the Old Testament. The Old Testament is a beautiful yet challenging text. There are still so many questions I still don’t have answers to. Yet, I still believe in the goodness of God. There is nothing else I can hold onto but to the hope that is given to us by God.
Today, I will be blogging about the next topic in my class which is identity and ethnicity. This topic has a special place in my heart because it’s something that I have thought about deeply throughout my life. As an Asian American who is a child of immigrants from South Korea, my ethnic identity has been a huge part of who I am. I’ve always felt connected to the story of the Israelites. Moses has been someone I really resonated with as he is also someone trying to find his identity. The theme of identity and ethnicity is sprinkled all over the Old Testament.
God chooses the Israelites to be his people. He makes a covenant with Abraham and which ensured that his descendants would become God’s chosen people. It’s interesting how God develops their identity. In one way, he tries to set them apart from their neighbors. They are told not to intermix and intermarry with foreigners. They are not to adapt the practices of foreigners. God is trying to develop an identity for his chosen people. This is a people without a homeland. The temptation is to assimilate with another culture. However, God has made the boundaries clear. His people are to reflect the holiness and purity of their God. However, on the other hand, God also gives clear commandments to be hospitable and generous to the foreigner and immigrant. So it wasn’t as if the Israelites didn’t welcome those from outside of their community. There are numerous stories of foreigners playing a large part in the story of Israel. Rahab hides the soldiers of Israel inside of Jericho. She is a foreigner that knows the power of their God. She wants to be a part of what they have. So she is included into their community. Ruth stays loyal to her Jewish mother even when her husband dies. Both Rahab and Ruth are part of the lineage of Jesus. These two foreign women are used by God to bless and push forward the people of Israel. The identity of Israel has an exclusive nature and yet there are many instances of hospitality and dependence on the foreigner and immigrant.
I relate to the story of Moses because he is born into a culture that is not his own. He is a Hebrew born in the land of Egypt. Not only that, he’s in the halls of power in the Pharaoh’s palace. He learns the customs of the Egyptians and is separated from his own people. He runs away after he is rejected by his own people and assimilates into another culture. He intermarries and becomes part of the Midianite people. However, God calls him back to save his people. Moses is hesitant because he doesn’t know if his people will accept him. As an Asian American growing up in the United States, I know what it means to navigate in a society that isn’t familiar to you. I lived in diverse places in my life. However, I always knew that the dominant culture was white. White was what was right and proper. There were times I wish my name was more “American”. I wished that my last name sounded more “American” like “Wilson”. Then I would feel like I’d fit in more. While I felt that, I didn’t always feel like I fit in with my own people. I didn’t always feel “Korean” or “Asian” enough. I felt the pull of two different cultures. It wasn’t until college that God opened my eyes to my identity and to know who I really was made to be. I was an Asian American made in God’s image. Once I knew my identity in who I was in Christ, I was able to reach out and truly love both people in my own culture and people outside of my culture. God is building the identity of Moses. He needs to regain his identity in who he’s made to be. Even as he goes back to save his people, he is slowly learning to connect to his Hebrew roots. His fears start to fall away and he is empowered to lead this people group that have just been released from the bonds of slavery. The ethnic identity of Israel and Moses is important and not just something incidental. Their primary identity is in Yahweh. However, their identity as Israelites were connected deeply to who they were in and in the covenant they had with God.
On another note, we read an article in class written by Gale Yee on the story of Ruth. Yee looks at the story of Ruth through the lens of an Asian American woman. She turns the Ruth story on its head. She sees Ruth as an exploited foreigner. Her mother-in-law Naomi has complete control over her. Her sister-in-law Orpah decides not to go with Naomi. Usually, Orpah is seen as the bad daughter-in-law. However, for Yee, Orpah is a courageous woman who asserts her freedom. It is Ruth who gives up her freedom to be under the control of Naomi. Even the love story between Boaz and Ruth is looked at in a negative way. Ruth is seen as a foreigner exploited by Boaz and Naomi for financial gain. As an Asian American who is the son of immigrants, I could resonate with some of Yee’s points. I don’t now if I totally agree with all that she says, but I was fascinated by her viewpoint. We need more diverse voices to speak into these Old Testament stories. The story of identity and ethnicity is illuminated when more people of color and women have an equal voice in the conversation. I hope that space will be made for these prophetic voices at the table of biblical scholarship and theology.